Palavras chave

Pesquisa qualitativa, sustentabilidade social, desenho curricular, análise do discurso, mudança social, escolas

Resumo

A crise climática e a emergência ambiental são sinais de incerteza para o futuro do planeta. As diretivas educativas europeias e nacionais estabelecem o quadro de ação e os compromissos que devem ser assumidos por cada agente para alcançar o novo paradigma sustentável, assentado na circularidade. A escola, como instituição de transformação social, enfrenta um quadro que reproduz e alimenta a estrutura socioeconômica consumista, encobrindo a dimensão e a urgência do problema. O objetivo é identificar as forças de mudança para melhorar os mecanismos de intervenção no campo educacional na Espanha para fomentar o envolvimento e a participação dos jovens. A metodologia qualitativa combina a análise do discurso com emprego da Teoria Fundamentada e da análise prospectiva com o método dos cenários. Por meio de um questionário validado, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas e grupos focais com técnicos e gestores, formadores de formadores, professores e pesquisadores (n=53). Os discursos dos agentes e a legislação sobre educação e sustentabilidade foram analisados para que fosse possível obter uma teorização substantiva. Por meio dela, identificam-se as fortalezas e as limitações, estabelecendo-se uma matriz de probabilidade e impacto que permite a visualização de três futuros possíveis. Conclui-se com um conjunto de recomendações para fortalecer o cenário desejado e reduzir as possibilidades do cenário distópico.

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Recebido: 27-02-2022

Revisado: 29-03-2022

Aceite: 12-05-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-06-2022

Data de publicação: 01-10-2022

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 29 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 73: 43 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 73 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 73: 88 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 170 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 73: 185 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 215 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 73: 230 dias

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Carbonell-Alcocer, A., Romero-Luis, J., Gértrudix-Barrio, M., & Borges-Rey, E. (2022). Educating for a sustainable future through the Circular Economy: Citizen involvement and social change. [Educar para un futuro sostenible a través de la Economía Circular: Implicación ciudadana y cambio social]. Comunicar, 73, 21-32. https://doi.org/10.3916/C73-2022-02

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