Palavras chave

Análise de redes, análise quantitativa, desinformação, comunidades virtuais, redes sociais, pensamento crítico

Resumo

O Twitter se transformou em uma das principais plataformas de engajamento do cidadão na atualidade. No entanto, embora estudos anteriores tenham se concentrado na opinião sobre vacinas em geral ou vacinas específicas, até o momento as opiniões sobre as vacinas contra a COVID-19 não foram investigadas no Twitter. O objetivo desta pesquisa é, por meio de ferramentas de monitoramento de mídias sociais e ferramentas de processamento de linguagem, verificar o grau em que as opiniões e interações presentes no Twitter são favoráveis ou não para as principais vacinas contra a COVID-19. Além disso, estuda-se a relevância de cada uma das principais vacinas, bem como o seu nível de controvérsia. Da mesma forma, esta pesquisa investiga pela primeira vez a discussão não só do ponto de vista do conteúdo, mas também dos participantes, analisando detalhadamente contas verificadas e utilizando ferramentas de detecção de bots. Em termos globais, os resultados mostram opiniões moderadamente favoráveis às vacinas contra a COVID-19, sendo as mais aceitas as da Oxford-AstraZeneca, Pfizer e Moderna e, no caso específico de contas verificadas, a Sputnik V é a mais aceita. Por outro lado, a vacina que mais chama a atenção é a russa Sputnik V, que também é a mais polêmica por trás das de origem chinesa. Por fim, as contas verificadas mostram-se como agentes relevantes dessa discussão devido à sua maior capacidade de divulgação e alcance, enquanto a presença de bots é praticamente inexistente.

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Recebido: 28-02-2021

Revisado: 12-03-2021

Aceite: 27-04-2021

OnlineFirst: 15-06-2021

Data de publicação: 01-10-2021

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 12 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 69: 30 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 57 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 69: 68 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 169 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 69: 180 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 214 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 69: 225 dias

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Carrasco-Polaino, R., Martín-Cárdaba, M., & Villar-Cirujano, E. (2021). Citizen participation in Twitter: Anti-vaccine controversies in times of COVID-19. [Participación ciudadana en Twitter: Polémicas anti-vacunas en tiempos de COVID-19]. Comunicar, 69, 21-31. https://doi.org/10.3916/C69-2021-02

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