Palavras chave

Inteligência artificial, comunicação, jornalismo, democracia, opinião pública, revisão

Resumo

A influência dos algoritmos na sociedade está aumentando devido à sua crescente presença em todas as áreas da vida cotidiana. Embora nem sempre tenhamos consciência disso, às vezes eles usurpam a identidade dos atores sociais. O principal objetivo deste artigo é abordar a metapesquisa no campo da inteligência artificial e da comunicação a partir de uma perspectiva holística que nos permite analisar o estado da pesquisa acadêmica, bem como os possíveis efeitos sobre essas áreas e sobre o sistema democrático. Para tanto, realizamos uma revisão sistematizada da literatura recente utilizando abordagens quantitativas e qualitativas. O assunto analisado é mutável e inovador: inclui o impacto e a interação de algoritmos, bots, processos automatizados e mecanismos de inteligência artificial no jornalismo e na comunicação, bem como seus efeitos na democracia. Os resultados mostram uma produção científica em expansão, majoritariamente em língua inglesa, pautada na discussão teórica ou focada na percepção dos profissionais da comunicação. O objeto de estudo centra-se maioritariamente no jornalismo e na democracia e, em menor grau, na ética e na educação. Estudos indicam grande interesse pelos efeitos do uso de algoritmos no jornalismo e na democracia, mas as respostas ainda são incertas e os desafios para os próximos anos são significativos.

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Recebido: 28-04-2022

Revisado: 11-06-2022

Aceite: 19-07-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-10-2022

Data de publicação: 01-01-2023

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 44 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 74: 40 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 82 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 74: 69 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 203 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 74: 194 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 248 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 74: 239 dias

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García-Orosa, B., Canavilhas, J., & Vázquez-Herrero, J. (2023). Algorithms and communication: A systematized literature review. [Algoritmos y comunicación: Revisión sistematizada de la literatura]. Comunicar, 74, 9-21. https://doi.org/10.3916/C74-2023-01

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