Media literacy, new media, children, civic, participation, interviews, youth
This article focuses on a single case study; the first findings of a qualitative part of the Youth Media Participation (YMP) project in Argentina, Egypt, Finland and India (2009-11) on 10-18 year-old children’s participation through media. Youth Media Participation is funded by the Academy of Finland (2009-11). It collects and analyses three kinds of data from children and young adults; 1) focused interviews collected in Egypt, India and Finland (24 in each country), 2) a questionnaire for statistical data collected from Argentina, Egypt, India and Finland (1,200 in each country, N: 4,800) and 3) media diaries for a separate publication about «One Day of Media» (100 collected in Argentina, Egypt, India, Finland and Kenya, N: 500). The purpose was to undertake an exploratory study to find new ways to approach research questions on children’s participation through media in different countries. The YMP project was launched with focused interviews in Finland and Egypt. This paper focuses on the qualitative, explorative part of the project: the focused interviews that were used to test the original research questions, to explore the many forms of media participation, and to create the questionnaire needed in further research. The project aims at enhancing our understanding of media literacy and its connections to media participation and civic activity.
Appadurai, A. (1990). Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy. Public Cult, 1 (2); 21-24.
Asran, S.S. (1998). Role of Television Drama in Providing School Leavers with Social Values: A Study on a Sample of Egyptian Children Who Have left Education. Faculty of Arts (Egypt): Zagazeeg.
Carlsson, U. (2009). Young People in the Digital Media Culture. In Carlsson, U. (Ed.). Children and Youth in the Digital Media Culture from a Nordic Horizon. Sweden: The International Clearing House on Children, Youth and Media.
El Adb, A. (1988). Children’s Programmes on Television. Dar El Fekr: El Arabi.
El Sayed, L.H. (1996). Children’s Realization of Televised Reality. Cairo: Childhood Studies Center, Ein Shams University.
El Semary, H.B. (1995). Influence of Watching Television on Egyptian Children’s Habits of Reading. Cairo: Childhood Studies Centre, Ein Shams University.
El Shal, I. (1997). Relationship of the Child with Print and Electronic Media. Dar Nahdet: El Shark.
Geertz, C. (1973). Thick Description: Toward an Interpretative Theory of Culture. In Geertz, C. (Ed.). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.
Glaser, B. & Strauss, A.L. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory. Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.
Glaser, B.G. & Holton, J. (2004). Remodeling Grounded Theory. Forum: Qualitative Social Research. 5 (2) May. (www.cualsoft.com/pdf/2-04glaser-e.pdf) (01-04-2011).
Higher Press Council (Ed.) (2009). Statistics. Cairo: Higher Press Council.
Hirsjärvi, I. (2010). Fandom, New Media, Participatory Cultures. In Carlsson, U. (Ed.). Children and Youth in the Digital Media Culture from a Nordic Horizon. The Yearbook, 2010. Gothenburg: The In-ternational Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media. 133-142.
Jenkins, H. (1995b) Out of the Closet and into the Universe. Queers and Star Trek. In Tulloch, J. & Jenkins, H. (Eds.). Science Fiction Audiences. Watching Doctor Who and Star Trek. London: Routledge; 237-265.
Jenkins, H. (2006a). Convergence Culture. Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.
Jenkins, H. (2006b). Fans, Blogger, Gamers. Exploring Participatory Culture. New York: New York University Press.
Kamel, O.M. (1995). Children’s Perception of Personality Characteristics which are portrayed in Chil-dren’s Programmes. Cairo: Childhood Studies Center, Ein Shams University.
Kangas, S.; Lundvall, A. & Sintonen, S. (2008). Lasten ja nuorten mediamaailma pähkinänkuoressa (The Media Environment of Children.) Lasten ja nuorten mediafoorumi. Helsinki: Liikenne- ja viestintäministeriö (Ministry of Transport and Communications). (www.lvm.fi/c/document_library/get_file?folderId=22170&name=DLFE-4803.pdf&title=Lasten) (15-03-2011).
Kotilainen, S. (2010). Global Digital Culture Requires Skills in Media Literacy. In Carlsson, U. (Ed.). Children and Youth in the Digital Media Culture. Yearbook, 2010. Gothenburg: The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media. 65-74.
Marcus, G. (1995). Ethnography in/of the World System: the Emergence of Multi-sited Ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24; 95–117.
Media Committee of the Arab League (Ed.) (2010). Statistics. Cairo: Arab League.
Merton, R.K.; Fiske, M. & Kendall P.L. (1990/1975). The Focused Interview. A Manual of Problems and Procedures. Illinois: The Free press.
PISA (2010). www.pisa.oecd.org/pages/0,2987,en_32252351_32235731_1_1_1_1_1,00.html (10-01-2011)
Reda, A. (1994). Impact from Television Violence on Children’s Behaviour. Cairo: Journal of Commu-nication Research, July 1994.
Statistics Finland (Ed.) (2010). www.tilastokeskus.fi.
Tayie S. (2008). Children and Mass Media in the Arab World: A Second Level Analysis. In Carlsson, U.; Tayie, S.; Jacquinot, G. & Pérez-Tornero, J.M. (Eds.). Empowerment through Media Education: An In-tercultural Dialogue. The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media, Nordicom. 67-87.
This work has no financial support
Metrics of this article
Abstract readings: 19376
PDF downloads: 5337
Full metrics of Comunicar 37
Abstract readings: 568198
PDF downloads: 128937
Cites in Web of Science
Tomé, Vítor; Lopes, Paula; Reis, Bruno;. Comunicação e Sociedade , 2019.
Ramírez Cabanzo; Ana Brizet;. Signo y Pensamiento , 2013.
Cites in Scopus
Rodríguez-Pascual, I., Morales-Marente, E., Gualda, E.. 'We do not have to show everything to teachers'. The right to access to cyberreality, its risks from the outlook of children. ['No tenemos que enseñárselo todo a los profesores'. Los derechos de acceso a la ciberrealidad y sus riesgos desde la mirada de niños y niñas]), Gazeta de Antropologia, .
Tomé, V., Lopes, P., Reis, B., Dias, C.P. . Active citizenship and participation through the media: A community project focused on pre-school and primary school children), Comunicacao e Sociedade, .
Cites in Google Scholar
Currently there are no citations to this document
How to cite
Hirsjärvi, I., & Tayie, S. (2011). Children and new media: Youth media participation. A case study of Egypt and Finland. [Niños y nuevos medios: Estudios de caso en Egipto y en Finlandia]. Comunicar, 37, 99-108. https://doi.org/10.3916/C37-2011-03-01